832-51140 - Large compass in the pavement outside the Padrao dos Descobrimentos, Monument to the Discoveries, monument with major Portuguese seafaring figures on the banks of the Rio Tejo, Tagus river, Belem, Lisbon, Portugal, Europe
829-946 - The Da Gama padrao, a monument to Vasco Da Gama in the Cape Point Nature Reserve in South Africa. Da Gama was a Portuguese sailor/explorer and led expeditions from the Cape to the East in 1497. A padrao is a limestone pillar bearing the Portuguese coat of arms and an inscription stating when and by whom it was raised. The cross signified Portuguese sovereignty and Christianity.