860-287450 - Tara Oceans Expeditions - May 2011. Tara with deployed plancton nets. On "station", the boat is drifting without engine or sails. Tara Oceans, a unique expedition: Tara Oceans is the very first attempt to make a global study of marine plankton, a form of sea life that includes organisms as small as viruses and bacterias, and as big as medusas. Our goal is to better understand planktonic ecosystems by exploring the countless species, learning about interactions among them and with their environment. Marine plankton is the only ecosystem that is almost continuous over the surface of the Earth. Studying plankton is like taking the pulse of our planet. Recently, scientists have discovered the great importance of plankton for the climate: populations of plankton are affected very rapidly by variations in climate. But in turn they can influence the climate by modifying the absorption of carbon. In a context of rapid physico-chemical changes, for example the acidification observed today in the world's oceans, it is urgent to understand and predict the evolution of these particular ecosystems. Finally, plankton is an astonishing way of going back in time ? a prime source of fossils. Over the eons, plankton has created several hundred meters of sediment on the ocean floors. This allows us to go back in time, to the first oceans on Earth, and better understand the history of our biosphere. More than 12 fields of research are involved in the project, which will bring together an international team of oceanographers, ecologists, biologists, geneticists, and physicists from prestigious laboratories headed by Eric Karsenti of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory. Galapagos
1116-39732 - This species of coral hermit crab (Paguritta sp) is well known, but still awaiting a name from biologists. It lives in a hole in hard coral and traps passing plankton in it's feathery antennae, Yap, Micronesia
1116-40060 - Milletseed Butterflyfish (Chaetodon citrinellus) feeding on plankton off Ni'ihau Island near Kauai, Hawaii, USA during the spring. This fish species is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, Kauai, Hawaii, United States of America
1022-79 - Silver drummer (kyphosus sydneyanus) silvery grey colour, feeding on brown seaweed, wild, day, schools, marine protected area, diving off Rottnest Island, Western Australia, Indian Ocean. MORE INFO: other name common buffalo bream, dark tail and a distinctive dark line that looks a little like a moustache below the eye, occur in large schools. Distribution more widespread throughout Australia.
1022-81 - tallfin batfish (platax teira), juvenile, wild, day, marine protected area, diving off Coral Bay, Ningaloo reef, Western Australia, Indian Ocean. MORE INFO: with 3 dark bars, very long dorsal, anal and pelvic fins, feed on plankton from water column.
1022-80 - Jourdan's turban (turbo jourdani) large gastropod shell, reddish-brown, Rottnest Island reef, wild, day, marine protected area, free-diving off, cool temperate waters of Western Australia. MORE INFO: Marine plant common kelp, a dominant feature of the underwater landscape. Protected areas are covered in lush growth of diverse algae, also red algea are here.
1012-137 - Leather Coral Polyps (Sarcophyton sp) each extending its 8 arms to try catching plankton in water. Coral Polyps are individual animals having a common base (in this case, the leathery base). Derawan, Kalimantan, Indonesia.