Exclusive only  
Color search  
Orientation
Release
License
People
Age Group
Ethnicity
Image size
more filters

Recent searches

Loading...
Interior fresco painting in St. Sophia Cathedral, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia
1116-48931 - Interior fresco painting in St. Sophia Cathedral, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia
Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya) Under Snow. The Mosque, Now A Museum Is Considered The Epitome Of Byzantine Architecture, Istanbul, Turkey
1116-44632 - Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya) Under Snow. The Mosque, Now A Museum Is Considered The Epitome Of Byzantine Architecture, Istanbul, Turkey
Chancel, St. Sophia Cathedral Church, Ohrid, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Macedonia, Europe
809-7751 - Chancel, St. Sophia Cathedral Church, Ohrid, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Macedonia, Europe
Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, Sultanahmet Park, fountain in Sultanahmet, Istanbul, European side, Turkey, Asia
832-383103 - Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, Sultanahmet Park, fountain in Sultanahmet, Istanbul, European side, Turkey, Asia
Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, Sultanahmet Park, fountain in Sultanahmet, Istanbul, European side, Turkey, Asia
832-383091 - Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, Sultanahmet Park, fountain in Sultanahmet, Istanbul, European side, Turkey, Asia
Church of St. Sophia, Nessebar, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bulgaria, Europe
1184-2916 - Church of St. Sophia, Nessebar, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bulgaria, Europe
Aerial view of seaside built-up area and harbor, Istanbul, Turkey
857-95817 - Aerial view of seaside built-up area and harbor, Istanbul, Turkey
Aerial view of Golden Horn and Besektas area, Istanbul, Turkey
857-95816 - Aerial view of Golden Horn and Besektas area, Istanbul, Turkey
Aerial view of Golden Horn and Besektas area, Istanbul, Turkey
857-95815 - Aerial view of Golden Horn and Besektas area, Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, UNESCO World Heritage Site, European side, Istanbul, Turkey, Asia
832-382426 - Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, UNESCO World Heritage Site, European side, Istanbul, Turkey, Asia
Maiden's Tower in the Bosporus, left the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia; from Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey, Asia
832-382433 - Maiden's Tower in the Bosporus, left the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia; from Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey, Asia
Panoramic viewpoint Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (Miradouro da Graca), Lisbon, Portugal, Europe
1243-326 - Panoramic viewpoint Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (Miradouro da Graca), Lisbon, Portugal, Europe
View from Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen Lookout to the Sao Jorge Castle and the city centre, Lisbon, Portugal, Europe
1283-470 - View from Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen Lookout to the Sao Jorge Castle and the city centre, Lisbon, Portugal, Europe
Domes of Santa Sophia's Cathedral, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kiev, Ukraine, Europe
809-7482 - Domes of Santa Sophia's Cathedral, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kiev, Ukraine, Europe
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) at night, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
807-1911 - Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) at night, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Interior, Byzantine architecture, Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
807-1907 - Interior, Byzantine architecture, Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
807-1908 - Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
807-1909 - Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2086 - Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2088 - Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
St. Sophia Cathedral and Bell Tower, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2084 - St. Sophia Cathedral and Bell Tower, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2087 - Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2089 - Fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Bell Tower of St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2083 - Bell Tower of St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2085 - Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2090 - Interior fresco paintings, St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2082 - St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
801-2081 - St. Sophia Cathedral, Kremlin, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Europe
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
1113-101743 - Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque) and Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) at night seen from The Galata Tower across the Bosphorus Strait, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1931 - Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque) and Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) at night seen from The Galata Tower across the Bosphorus Strait, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) (Santa Sofia), UNESCO World Heritage Site, reflection at night, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1876 - Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) (Santa Sofia), UNESCO World Heritage Site, reflection at night, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) (Santa Sofia), UNESCO World Heritage Site, at sunset, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1877 - Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) (Santa Sofia), UNESCO World Heritage Site, at sunset, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1875 - Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) (Santa Sofia), UNESCO World Heritage Site, reflection at night, Sultanahmet Square Park, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
New Mosque (Yeni Cami) at night with Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) behind seen across the Golden Horn, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1899 - New Mosque (Yeni Cami) at night with Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) behind seen across the Golden Horn, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
New Mosque (Yeni Cami) with Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) behind seen across the Golden Horn, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1893 - New Mosque (Yeni Cami) with Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) behind seen across the Golden Horn, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque) seen from Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1902 - Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque) seen from Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
New Mosque (Yeni Cami) on the banks of the Golden Horn at night with Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) behind, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1898 - New Mosque (Yeni Cami) on the banks of the Golden Horn at night with Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) behind, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Inside Hagia Sophia, which has been a church, a mosque and is now a museum, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1901 - Inside Hagia Sophia, which has been a church, a mosque and is now a museum, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Hagia Sophia and New Mosque seen across Golden Horn at sunset, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1109-1896 - Hagia Sophia and New Mosque seen across Golden Horn at sunset, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque altar
1178-15209 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque altar
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
1178-15215 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
Turkey, Istanbul, Half moon symbol of Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15205 - Turkey, Istanbul, Half moon symbol of Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia illuminated at dusk
1178-15261 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia illuminated at dusk
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15217 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia window detail
1178-15251 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia window detail
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15199 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Virgin mary holding Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15218 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Virgin mary holding Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque column
1178-15214 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque column
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15216 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior ceiling
1178-15208 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior ceiling
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Leo VI kneeling before Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15213 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Leo VI kneeling before Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque column
1178-15212 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque column
Turkey, Istanbul, Dome roof of Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15202 - Turkey, Istanbul, Dome roof of Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Dome roof of Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15204 - Turkey, Istanbul, Dome roof of Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Virgin mary and Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15210 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Virgin mary and Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Decorations in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-15211 - Turkey, Istanbul, Decorations in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia window detail
1178-13747 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia window detail
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia window detail
1178-13746 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia window detail
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13779 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
1178-13787 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
1178-13788 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
Turkey, Istanbul, Stained glass window in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13784 - Turkey, Istanbul, Stained glass window in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque, Mosaic of Christ with kings
1178-13775 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque, Mosaic of Christ with kings
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13791 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Leo VI kneeling before Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13781 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Leo VI kneeling before Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Virgin mary and Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13786 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Virgin mary and Jesus in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
1178-13780 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque interior
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque column
1178-13782 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque column
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13777 - Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Gate in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13783 - Turkey, Istanbul, Gate in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Stained glass window in Haghia Sophia Mosque
1178-13785 - Turkey, Istanbul, Stained glass window in Haghia Sophia Mosque
Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator with John the Baptist
1178-13778 - Turkey, Istanbul, Haghia Sophia Mosque, Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator with John the Baptist
Turkey, Istanbul, Hagia Sophia Mosque
1178-5472 - Turkey, Istanbul, Hagia Sophia Mosque
Sunset at The Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Camii ) (Sultan Ahmet Mosque) (Sultan Ahmed Mosque), and Hagia Sophia museum monument, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1161-8564 - Sunset at The Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Camii ) (Sultan Ahmet Mosque) (Sultan Ahmed Mosque), and Hagia Sophia museum monument, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Detail of ornate dome calligraphic panels at Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, mosque museum in Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1161-8577 - Detail of ornate dome calligraphic panels at Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, mosque museum in Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
City scene including Yeni Camii (Great Mosque) by Golden Horn of Bosphorus River, Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1161-8572 - City scene including Yeni Camii (Great Mosque) by Golden Horn of Bosphorus River, Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Floodlit domes and minarets of Hagia Sophia mosque museum, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Atmeydani Hippodrome fountain in Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1161-8567 - Floodlit domes and minarets of Hagia Sophia mosque museum, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Atmeydani Hippodrome fountain in Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Tourists at Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, mosque museum in Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
1161-8576 - Tourists at Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), UNESCO World Heritage Site, mosque museum in Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, built by Emperor Justinian, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372711 - 6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, built by Emperor Justinian, Istanbul, Turkey
The exterior of the 6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, built by Emperor Justinian, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372704 - The exterior of the 6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, built by Emperor Justinian, Istanbul, Turkey
Byzantine mosaic of the Virgin and Child, the first of the post-iconoclastic mosaics inaugurated on 29 March 867 by Patriarch Photius and the emperors Michael III. and Basil I., Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372674 - Byzantine mosaic of the Virgin and Child, the first of the post-iconoclastic mosaics inaugurated on 29 March 867 by Patriarch Photius and the emperors Michael III. and Basil I., Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
The Maiden's Tower Lighthouse at the mouth of the Bosphorus, looking towards the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia and the Topkapi Palace on Sarayburnu or Seraglio Point, from left, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372653 - The Maiden's Tower Lighthouse at the mouth of the Bosphorus, looking towards the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia and the Topkapi Palace on Sarayburnu or Seraglio Point, from left, Istanbul, Turkey
Byzantine Deësis, Entreaty, mosaic, 1261, detail of Christ Pantocrator for humanity on Judgment Day, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372678 - Byzantine Deësis, Entreaty, mosaic, 1261, detail of Christ Pantocrator for humanity on Judgment Day, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, at sunset, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372716 - 6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, at sunset, Istanbul, Turkey
Man selling tea in front of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
832-369071 - Man selling tea in front of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
Islamic decoration on the domes of the interior of Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372675 - Islamic decoration on the domes of the interior of Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, Istanbul, Turkey
6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman, Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, at sunset, built by Emperor Justinian, Istanbul, Turkey
832-372690 - 6th century Byzantine, Eastern Roman, Hagia Sophia, Ayasofya, at sunset, built by Emperor Justinian, Istanbul, Turkey
Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
776-4516 - Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
776-4515 - Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
776-4518 - Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
776-4517 - Haghia Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sultanahmet District, Istanbul, Turkey, Europe
Ukraine, Kiev, Kyiv, St Sophia's Cathedral,
817-469545 - Ukraine, Kiev, Kyiv, St Sophia's Cathedral,
Ukraine, Kiev, Kyiv, St Sophia's Cathedral,
817-469546 - Ukraine, Kiev, Kyiv, St Sophia's Cathedral,
St. Sophia church in Kaunakakai, island of Molokai, Hawaii, United States of America, Pacific
816-6186 - St. Sophia church in Kaunakakai, island of Molokai, Hawaii, United States of America, Pacific
Hagia Sophia at Dusk, Istanbul, Turkey.
817-459249 - Hagia Sophia at Dusk, Istanbul, Turkey.
Cathedral of St. Sophia, Kremlin of Novgorod, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Novgorod, Russia, Europe
816-5904 - Cathedral of St. Sophia, Kremlin of Novgorod, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Novgorod, Russia, Europe
Greece, Central Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Agia Sophia church, listed as World Heritage, Mosaic of the Virgin and Child 12th C
817-453415 - Greece, Central Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Agia Sophia church, listed as World Heritage, Mosaic of the Virgin and Child 12th C
Greece, Central Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Agia Sophia church, listed as World Heritage, Paleochristian mosaic of the Ascension of Jesus Christ 9th C
817-453414 - Greece, Central Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Agia Sophia church, listed as World Heritage, Paleochristian mosaic of the Ascension of Jesus Christ 9th C
Greece, Central Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Agia Sophia church, listed as World Heritage, Paleochristian mosaic of the Ascension of Jesus Christ 9th C, Apostle
817-453413 - Greece, Central Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Agia Sophia church, listed as World Heritage, Paleochristian mosaic of the Ascension of Jesus Christ 9th C, Apostle
Cathedral of St. Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Novgorod, Russia, Europe
816-5906 - Cathedral of St. Sophia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Novgorod, Russia, Europe